By Frans H. van Eemeren, Peter Houtlosser, A.F. Snoeck Henkemans
This quantity identifies and analyses English phrases and expressions which are the most important for an sufficient reconstruction of argumentative discourse. It offers a scientific set of tools for giving a good based research that leads to an analytic evaluate of the weather which are correct for the review of the argumentation. via ranging from daily examples, the examine instantly connects with the perform of argumentative discourse.
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Additional info for Argumentative Indicators in Discourse: A Pragma-Dialectical Study (Argumentation Library)
Well, my idea is – it is my idea that it must be because I keep peeking into small streets, you know. (Eindhoven colloquial language corpus) (44) So if you get groups, then you’d get all these children from different grades thrown together, so you’d get the older children and the younger ones . . I don’t know – I don’t believe that would work out too well. (Eindhoven colloquial language corpus) 29 ‘I know that’ is a semi-factive, but, as indicated before, we reckon the semi-factives among the strong asserting attitude indicating and force modifying expressions.
31 See Tsui (1991), who distinguishes three functions of ‘I don’t know’. 44 VAN EEMEREN ET AL. ‘I don’t know’ can even be part of the utterance in which, though indirectly, a negative standpoint is put forward: (45) In the early days, you actually were just a number in the classroom, but that, again, takes a lot of time and, because of that, a lot of money too, I don’t know whether it is, in fact, distributed .. er .. ideally, you know, that money. (Eindhoven colloquial language corpus) Particularly the words ‘in fact’ indicate that ‘I don’t know’ indirectly asserts that it is not (completely) true that the money is distributed ideally.
Er .. you are a larger supporter of the levelling of incomes than when you make a lot of money, that is, of course, to be expected .. on the other hand .. er .. I do believe the differences in pay to be way too big, I .. er .. I mean achievements are .. er .. very hard to measure. (Eindhoven colloquial language corpus) (47) [. ] well yes, no, but of course, I think so too, definitely, sure! By the way, did you know that he has not phoned her once – I mean afterwards? (Overheard conversation) In concessions, ‘of course’ is often combined with ‘I know that’.