Archaeology of Food: An Encyclopedia

What are the origins of agriculture? In what methods have technological advances with regards to nutrition affected human improvement? How have nutrition and foodways been used to create id, converse which means, and manage society? during this hugely readable, illustrated quantity, archaeologists and different students from around the globe discover those questions and extra.

The Archaeology of foodstuff bargains greater than 250 entries spanning geographic and temporal contexts and lines contemporary discoveries along the result of a long time of analysis. The members offer overviews of present wisdom and theoretical views, increase key questions, and delve into myriad medical, archaeological, and fabric analyses so as to add intensity to our figuring out of meals. The encyclopedia serves as a reference for students and scholars in archaeology, nutrition stories, and comparable disciplines, in addition to attention-grabbing studying for culinary historians, nutrients writers, and nutrition and archaeology lovers.

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Extra resources for Archaeology of Food: An Encyclopedia

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As we shall see in Chapter 3, middle-range theory seeks to bridge the interpretive gulf between Box 6: Middle-range theory: a set of bridging arguments from the present to the past Middle-range theory is more a set of methods than a theory. They are middle range because the issues addressed are not grappling with the big theoretical issues needed to explain why culture changes or how humans evolved. Neither are they low level, such as the law of superposition (see Box 1). Instead, middle-range theory reminds us that we still do not know thatmuch about the archaeological record.

The list makes divisions between theory, techniques and professional practice, and periods and regions. Within each category will be many questions, such as the origins of agriculture or the Romanisation of Britain. The divisions and questions will be cross-cut by themes such as trade, religion, subsistence and the archaeology of death. These are too numerous to list. It matters little how you participate in archaeology. What you will find by reading, surfing, excavating or learning about the subject is that there are major differences in approach.

Childe died in 1957 at the age of 65. Through the scope and scale of his writings he moved archaeology away from the simple progressive evolution of Lubbock and the people-free typologies of Thomsen and Montelius, and provided an antidote to the racist agenda of the German archaeologist Kossina. Nearly all his work was written before the advent of radiocarbon dating, which provided the first truly independent check on the Montelian scheme. Such absolute dating saw the demise of the strong diffusion model of people mainly moving from the Near East that Childe favoured to explain changes in European prehistory, and allowed a fuller investigation of his socioeconomic narrative (Renfrew 1973a).

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