A Poet's Reich: Politics and Culture in the George Circle by Melissa S. Lane, Martin A. Ruehl

By Melissa S. Lane, Martin A. Ruehl

The poet Stefan George (1868-1933) used to be the most very important cultural figures in smooth Germany. His poetry, in its originality and impression, has been ranked with that of Goethe, Hölderlin, or Rilke. but George's succeed in prolonged a long way past the field of literature. in the course of his final 3 a long time, he attracted a circle of disciples who subscribed to his homoerotic and aestheticist imaginative and prescient of existence and sought to remodel it into truth. The works and regarded the circle profoundly affected the highbrow and cultural attitudes of Germany's informed heart category from the start of the 20th century, and are therefore the most important to Germany's cultural and highbrow background. The transition from the aestheticist, cosmopolitan values the circle embraced within the early 1900s to the extra explicitly political and patriotic perspectives lots of its participants espoused through the Weimar Republic either conditioned and mirrored a momentous transformation in German proposal. The intersection of tradition and politics within the George Circle has acquired little awareness in English-language scholarship beforehand. This quantity comprises contributions from significant students in either English- and German-speaking international locations. Its viewers contains students and scholars of German languages and literature, German historical past, and reception of the classics, between different fields. participants: Adam Bisno, Richard Faber, Rüdiger Görner, Peter Hoffmann, Thomas Karlauf, Melissa S. Lane, Robert E. Lerner, David Midgley, Robert E. Norton, Ray Ockenden, Ute Oelmann, Martin A. Ruehl, Bertram Schefold.

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Gradually, however, he began to embrace their attempts to develop an ideology and to formulate educational doctrines out of his poetical utterances. With his approval and under his scrutiny, they founded the Jahrbuch für die geistige Bewegung, which ran through three volumes between 1910 and 1912. Although Gundolf and Wolters were joint editors, the manifestoes “Gefolgschaft und Jüngertum,” written by Gundolf, and “Herrschaft und Dienst,” written by Wolters, both published in the eighth volume of the Blätter in 1910, highlight important differences between both men.

For George’s anti-Catholicism, see also 100, 108, 196. George seems to have particularly relished the antipapal passages of Kantorowicz’s Kaiser Friedrich. See Landmann, Gespräche, 166. ” For George’s changed view of Prussianness, see his statement: “Von einem Haß gegen Preußentum und Bismarck ist seit dem ersten Weltkriege nichts zu spüren: wesentlich ist der Wille zum nationalen Halt. . ” Erinnerungen an Stefan George, 228. 45 Kurt Hildebrandt, Norm und Entartung des Menschen (Dresden: SibyllenVerlag, 1920).

Panicked, George rushed to the Hofmannsthal family home. 19 As soon as George left, Hofmannsthal immediately composed and dispatched a letter to him. It does not survive, but George’s response indicates that the content was direct, biting, and dismissive (G/H, 241). His response also carries a homosexual subtext that deserves attention: Gestern die bücher — heut erst Ihre worte . . Wenn ich freilich an einen solchen brief gedacht hätte wäre ich am abend nicht zu ihnen gekommen • eher glaubte ich alles andere annehmen zu müssen Also auf etwas hin und gott weiss welches etwas “das sie verstanden zu haben glauben” schleudern sie einem gentleman der im begriff war Ihr freund zu werden eine blutige kränkung zu.

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