A Guide to Understanding Land Surveys by Stephen V. Estopinal

By Stephen V. Estopinal

The nonsurveyor's definitive land survey sourcebook—now greatly updated

Over the final numerous many years, the net has allowed people with a non-technical heritage to imagine extra regulate of land surveys. yet with out a transparent realizing of the way to safely use land survey facts, and confronted with the demanding situations of speaking particular requisites to a pro land surveyor, conflicts usually come up that result in litigation.

A advisor to figuring out Land Surveys bridges the ever-expanding conversation hole among the clients of land boundary info land surveyors.

This crucial advisor sincerely explains the services and tactics required in each survey (routine or otherwise), and the function of a surveyor of their research and re-establishment. it's a must-have source for name lawyers, paralegals, realtors, executive brokers, and others who depend upon the knowledge accumulated and offered by way of land surveys.

Written in nontechnical language and supported by way of various line drawings, A advisor to knowing Land Surveys not just is helping readers achieve a robust familiarity with a survey, plat, or land description, yet permits them to appropriately overview it, realize any inadequacies, and make the right kind changes to procure approval.

The 3rd variation of A consultant to figuring out Land Surveys has been multiplied with thirty percentage new fabric and is totally up-to-date to mirror the most recent perform instructions and know-how, together with using GPS and GIS in land boundary re-establishment. additionally incorporated is critical new fabric on how know-how will be interpreted in assessing the standard and accuracy of a land survey.

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Sample text

The bearing to “A,” therefore, is south 30 degrees west. The bearing of land line “A–C” could be reported as being north 30 degrees east or as being south 30 degrees west. Both bearings define the same land line. The distinction of when to use one rather than the other will be discussed in Chapter 13. ” The bearing to “D” is north 10 degrees 15 minutes 22 seconds west (written N 10◦ 15 22 W). ” The bearing to point “F” is S 10◦ 15 22 E. ” If the magnitudes of the angles are the same, north–east bearings and south–west bearings describe the same line and are clockwise, or reckoned to the right.

BEARINGS Bearings are “reckoned” clockwise or counterclockwise2 from the meridian and are always less than or equal to 90 degrees. ” 2 “Clockwise” is defined as a turn to the right from the meridian, and “counterclockwise” is defined as a turn to the left. 8. BEARINGS 39 of bearings, the reporter defines lines as being east or west of north, or east or west of south. This method is easily comprehended and widely favored by most users of real property information. 2. ” The bearing to “C” is north 30 degrees east.

5 could 1 The actual process of measuring angles is not at all dependent on the “direction” of the reckoning. 13. 11. VERTICAL ANGLES Vertical angles are measurements between geometric lines in a vertical plane. Because real property boundaries are vertical planes, vertical angles rarely find their way into property descriptions. Vertical angles are commonly measured in order to compute horizontal and vertical distances. 6 illustrates a vertical angle. 12. DEGREES, MINUTES, AND SECONDS All angles are based on a definition of a unit, not a standard.

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