A Century of Controversy. Ethnological Issues from 1860 to by Elman R Service, E. A. Hammel

By Elman R Service, E. A. Hammel

This publication is an evaluation of the historical past of ethnology by way of its highbrow development, as such, instead of the lifestyles histories of some of the personalities contain. The identify used to be selected to signify that the most important challenge is the conflict, combine, syntheses, and rejection of rules themselves, as they with regards to yes significant difficulties within the theoretical improvement of the self-discipline. might be this feels like an seen goal, yet simply because this sort of selectivity is in reality strange, an explication is required

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The time will come, nevertheless, when human intelligence will rise to the mastery over property, and define the relations of the state to the property it protects, as well as the obligations and the limits of the rights of its owners. The interests of society are paramount to individual interests, and the two must be brought into just and harmonious relations. A mere property career is not the final destiny of mankind, if progress is to be the law of the future as it has been of the past. The time which has passed away since civilization began is but a fragment of the past duration of man's existence; and but a fragment of the ages yet to come.

Morgan's experience with the Iroquois was crucial because the family form suggested a transition from group marriage. That is, numerous nuclear families forming a lineage related in the female line lived together in a longhouse. " The aforementioned "aunts" and "uncles" and their children (Ego's cross-cousins) lived elsewhere. What was more sensible than to regard this as a transitional system between group marriage and monogamy? Sensible, that is, if one thinks as did Morgan that the system of nomenclature had the express purpose of making a genealogical, or quasi-genealogical, set of identifications.

But of all reviews of Ancient Society known to me and of all the comments made by famous scholars,8 only one, Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper (July 27, 1878), commented even briefly on Morgan's emphasis on the relation of property to modern civilization. It is especially puzzling because the idea was summed up resoundingly near the end of the book. The paragraph is worth quoting in full: Since the advent of civilization, the outgrowth of property has been so immense, its forms so diversified, its uses so expanding and its management so intelligent in the interests of its owners, that it has become, on the part of the people, an unmanageable power.

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